Edgar Cahn, Distinguished Emeritus Professor of Law and

founder of the national time banking movement

E. Cahn

Professor Cahn is widely recognized as the founder of TimeBanking. The idea came to him after a massive heart attack in 1980 at the age of 44. Originally  called  Time Dollars, the service credit program was designed to involve communities in promoting systems of self-help. The first TimeBanking program was instituted in 1981 – but not until the late 1980s was he able to secure significant support for the idea. TimeBanking has now spread to more than 30 countries. There are more than 200 TimeBanks in the United States, and several hundred more in countries overseas that include countries as diverse as Great Britain, Isreal, Turkey, Senegal, Australia ,  New Zealand, and Japan. (http://www.timebanks.org/).

His use of “time dollars" (time credits) as an economic strategy for addressing social problems is described in his books, Time Dollars (1992) and No More Throw-Away People: The Coproduction Imperative (2004), showing how to mobilize a non-market economy that recognizes and rewards reciprocal contributions of service and caring.Professor Cahn teaches Law and Justice, and directs the Community Service Program of the University of the District of Columbia Law School.  He was co-founder with his late wife Jean Camper Cahn of the Antioch School of Law, UDC-DCSL's predecessor; the first law school in the United States to educate law students with an emphasis on clinical training in legal services to the poor. Together they served as co-deans from 1971 to 1980. In 1997, Professor Cahn received the Association of American Law School's William Pincus Clinical Award for "Outstanding Contributions to Clinical Legal Education."

The Cahns are generally acknowledged as co-founders of the Legal Services Program. Professor Cahn, working as Sargent Shriver's Executive Assistant, and Jean Cahn, brought over as a Consultant from the State Department to initiate the program, negotiated with the American Bar Association for its support, made the first grants and assembled the first National Advisory Committee. In 2009,  Professor Cahn received the National Legal Aid and Defender Association's Charles Dorsey Award for extraordinary and dedicated service to the equal justice community and to organizations that promote expanding and improving access to justice for low-income people. In Washington, D.C., in 1995, Professor Cahn founded the Time Dollar Youth Court, in which teen juries judge cases of teens arrested for the first time for non-violent offenses. At its height, the Court, designated by the D.C. Superior Court to be housed at UDC-DCSL, heard some 800 cases per year. Professor Cahn was official advisor to the National Blue Ribbon Commission on Restructuring Juvenile Justice in the District of Columbia and Vice Chair of the Mayor's Juvenile Advocacy Group.

With the publication in 1968 of Hunger, USA, and litigation he instituted, Professor Cahn initiated both the preeminent exposé of hunger in America and the first major national drive against it.In 1969, after years of research, and with evidence the Native American Task Force helped to gather, Professor Cahn published Our Brother's Keeper: The Indian in White America. It substantiated and contributed to efforts that (1) ended the official policy of termination of American Indian nations, (2) embraced the right of self-determination, and (3) led to the enactment of Public Law 93-638, the American Indian Self Determination Act.

Of Professor Cahn's numerous articles, The War on Poverty: A Civilian Perspective, 73 Yale L.J. 1317 (1964), co-authored with Jean Camper Cahn, provided the blueprint for the National Legal Services. Sargent Shriver, Director of President Kennedy's Office of Economic Opportunity, credited it as the "genesis of legal services." It is one of Yale Law Journal's most cited articles.Professor Cahn has been a Visiting Scholar at Columbia University's Center for the Study of Human Rights, a Senior Research Fellow at the Southeast Florida Center on Aging at Florida International University, and Distinguished Visiting Scholar at the London School of Economics.


Christine Gray, Ph.D

Chris Gray pic

As the former CEO of TimeBanks USA (TBUSA) and in other positions Christine has helped shape numerous aspects of TBUSA as an incubator of new ideas, special projects, and a hub for the expanding national and international networks of TimeBanks. Her leadership roles include: facilitating The W.K. Kellogg Foundation’s National Homecomers Academy Report for prisoner re-entry into community; Organizational development of the DC Time Dollar Youth Court to incorporate Co-Production; Design of the Co-Production Fidelity Index; Design of the 2007, 2009, and 2011 International TimeBanking conferences; The TBUSA TimeBank visioning and implementation workshop series. With TimeBanking founder Edgar Cahn, Christine has taught courses and workshops on Co-Production, TimeBanking, and systems change at community, professional, and graduate school levels including, in the US, the Utah University School of Social Work and the University of the District of Columbia, David A. Clarke School of Law. In the UK, she has made presentations and facilitated leadership workshops on TimeBanking to: Policy advisors in the Blair government; The New Economics Foundation (nef); The National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts (NESTA); and TimeBanking UK. Among her written works is a case study of co-production at Holy Cross Community Trust of Camden, London (2012). Christine secured her doctoral degree in political science at the University of California, Los Angeles, in 2011. Her doctoral thesis, which examines the changing relationship of the Native American tribes to the United States, is a study of system formation, development and change in American politics. It has been published as The Tribal Moment in American Politics: The Struggle for Native American Sovereignty (June, 2013) by the Alta Mira Press (a division of Rowman and Littlefield.)


Mark Orlowski,

Sustainable Endowments Institute Founder and Executive Director

M. Orlowski

Mark Orlowski is Founder and Executive Director of the Sustainable Endowments Institute, a Cambridge-based nonprofit organization engaged in research and education to advance sustainability in campus operations and endowment practices.

Mr. Orlowski heads a team that authors the Institute’s annual College Sustainability Report Card, which evaluates and grades key elements of sustainability at United States and Canadian universities. The Report Card is designed to help schools learn from each other's experiences and adapt campus and endowment sustainability policies that work.

Since the Institute’s founding as a special project of Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors in 2005, Mr. Orlowski has spoken at more than 75 colleges in 30 states and at dozens conferences including the National Conference of the Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education, Rocky Mountain Sustainability Summit and the Meeting of the Ohio Business Deans. He has also worked with students, faculty, administrators and trustees at numerous schools on a range of sustainability initiatives.

As a member of the board of managers overseeing investments for New England Quaker Meetings, Mr. Orlowski is familiar with fiduciary responsibilities of endowment trustees. He also serves on the board of Proxy Democracy, a nonprofit organization dedicated to providing accessible proxy information. Mr. Orlowski is an Advisor to the Campus Greening Initiative of Net Impact, a San Francisco-based global membership organization of MBAs, graduate students and business professionals committed to corporate social responsibility.

A graduate of Williams College, Mr. Orlowski served on the college’s Advisory Committee on Shareholder Responsibility and chaired its Campus Environmental Advisory Committee. He also received an associate's degree from Berkshire Community College and earned a master's degree at Harvard University, where he studied nonprofit management.