Dorsal view of the right hand
Ventral view of the right hand
The appendicular skeleton consists of the bones of the pectoral (shoulder) girdle, pelvic (hip) girdle, arms, legs, hands, and feet.
There are eight carpal bones in the wrist: scaphoid, lunate, triangular, pisiform, trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, and hamate. The carpal bones articulate with one another at joints that allow sliding as well as twisting motions.
There are five metacarpal bones in the hand (manus). Roman numerals are used to designate these five bones, starting with number one at the thumb (pollex) metacarpal.
There are fourteen phalanges in the hand. Each finger has three phalanges (proximal, middle, and distal), except the thumb (pollex) The thumb only has two: proximal and distal.