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The sphygmomanometer and the stethoscope are used to assess blood_pressure. The upper chambers of the heart (atria) are supposed to contract at the same time, followed by the simultaneous contraction of the two lower chambers (ventricles). This creates one complete cardiac_cycle.

When the ventricles contract, the sound of the blood rushing out of the heart and into the aorta can be heard. This is called the systolic pressure. A brief moment later, a series of softer sounds (sounds of Korotkoff) indicate the resumption of blood flow in the arteries. The diastolic pressure occurs as the sounds end. Blood pressure and pulse rate are common patient evaluations because they establish whether the patient's cardiac functions are within normal range. The sphygmomanometer can be used with the stethoscope to assess blood pressure.

Pulse_pressure may be felt on any superficial artery with the help of the stethoscope. A normal pulse rate ranges from 70-76 beats per minute.

Here are the common pulse points:







posterior_tibial_artery, and the


Note: The most commonly used pulse point is the radial artery.

Cuff The actual meter for recording blood pressure Cuff Valve for releasing cuff pressure Bulb for inflating the cuff Earpiece Earpiece Microphone