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Anatomy of the Urinary System Quiz:

 

1. Which of these is the functional unit of a kidney?

Cortex
Renal pyramid
Nephron
Major calyx

 

2. Which of these is the type of epithelium associated with renal tubules?

Squamous
Transitional
Cuboidal
Columnar

 

3. Which of these refers to the tuft of capillaries located within a Bowman’s capsule?

Glomerulus
Lumen
Capillary bed
Venule bed

 

4. Which of these is the outer layer of the Bowman’s capsule?

Visceral layer
Internal layer
Parietal layer
Subcubal layer

 

5. Where are the major capsular structures of the kidney’s filtration units located?

They are located in the cortex.
They are located in the medulla.
They are located in the pyramids.
They are located in the renal pelvis.

 

6. Which part of the kidney’s internal structure is continuous with the ureter?

Renal capsule
Renal hilus
Renal Pelvis
Renal pyramid

 

7. Which of these is not a part of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?

JG cells
Parietal layer
Macula densa cells
Pressure sensors in arterioles

 

8. With which of these is the macula densa usually associated?

Proximal convoluted tubule
Distal convoluted tubule
Parietal layer
Podocytes

 

9. Which of these statements applies to the JG cells?

JG cells are modified smooth muscle cells that are usually part of the efferent arteriole.
JG cells are modified smooth muscle cells usually associated with the afferent arteriole.
JG cells are modified smooth muscle cells that are usually part of the parietal layer.
JG cells are modified smooth muscle cells that are usually part of the visceral layer.

 

10. Which of these is composed of  pyramids?

Major calyx
Renal column
Renal medulla
Renal hilus

 

11. Which of these terms refers to cortical tissue that dips down between pyramids?

Major calyx
Renal column
Renal medulla
Renal hilus

 

12. Which of these is a large extension of the renal pelvis?

Major calyx
Renal column
Renal medulla
Renal hilus

 

13. Which term refers to the transparent surface membrane?

Major calyx
Minor calyx
Renal capsule
Renal hilus

 

14. Which of these terms refers to a small extension of the renal pelvis?

Major calyx
Minor calyx
Renal capsule
Renal hilus

 

15. Which of these terms refers to the "indented" (concave) side of a kidney?

Major calyx
Minor calyx
Renal capsule
Renal hilus

 

NOTE: You are also responsible for visual identification of microslides and the sheep’s kidney as indicated in your objectives. Practical applications such as these are an inherent part of each laboratory activity and exam.